CompTIA SY0-501 Exam Dumps

CompTIA SY0-501 Exam Dumps

CompTIA Security+ Exam 2021

Total Questions : 929
Update Date : September 18, 2023
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SY0-501 Exam Dumps

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CompTIA SY0-501 Sample Questions

Question # 1

A systems administrator wants to enforce me use of HTTPS on a new website. Which of the following should the systems administrator do NEXT after generating the CSR?

A. Install the certificate on the server
B. Provide the public key to the CA
C. Password protect the public key
D. Ensure the new key is not on the CRL

Question # 2

A user attempts to send an email to an external domain and quickly receives a bounceback message. The user then contacts the help desk stating the message is important and needs to be delivered immediately. While digging through the email logs, a systems administrator finds the email and bounce-back details:Your email has been rejected because It appears to contain SSN Information. Sending SSN information via email external recipients violates company policy.Which of the following technologies successfully stopped the email from being sent?


Question # 3

Which of the following is MOST likely the security impact of continuing to operate end-oflife systems?

A. Higher total cost of ownership due to support costs
B. Denial of service due to patch availability
C. Lack of vendor support for decommissioning
D. Support for legacy protocols

Question # 4

An organization uses multifactor authentication to restrict local network access. It requires a PIV and a PIN. Which of the following factors is the organization using?

A. Something you have; something you are
B. Something you know, something you do
C. Something you do, something you are
D. Something you have, something you know

Question # 5

An organization uses simulated phishing attacks on its users to better prepare them to recognize actual phishing attacks and get them accustomed to reporting the attacks to the security team. This is an example of: 

A. baselining 
B. user training
C. stress testing
D. continuous monitoring

Question # 6

An attacker has gained control of several systems on the Internet and is using them to attach a website, causing it to stop responding to legitimate traffic Which of the following BEST describes the attack?

B. DNS poisoning
C. Buffer overflow

Question # 7

A newly hired Chief Security Officer (CSO) is reviewing the company's IRP and notices the procedures for zero-day malware attacks are being poorly executed, resulting m the CSIRT failing to address and coordinate malware removal from the system. Which of the following phases would BEST address these shortcomings?

A. Identification
B. Lessons learned
C. Recovery
D. Preparation
E. Eradication

Question # 8

During certain vulnerability scanning scenarios, It is possible for the target system to react in unexpected ways. This type of scenario is MOST commonly known as:

A. intrusive testing.
B. a butter overflow.
C. a race condition
D. active reconnaissance.

Question # 9

Which of the following types of vulnerability scans typically returns more detailed and thorough insights into actual system vulnerabilities?

A. Non-credentialed
B. Intrusive
C. Credentialed
D. Non-Intrusive

Question # 10

During a penetration test, Joe, an analyst, contacts the target's service desk Impersonating a user, he attempts to obtain assistance with resetting an email password. Joe claims this needs to be done as soon as possible, as he is the vice president of sales and does not want to contact the Chief Operations Officer (COO) for approval, since the COO is on vacation. When challenged. Joe reaffirms that he needs this done immediately, and threatens to contact the service desk supervisor over the issue. Which of the following social engineering principles is Joe employing in this scenario'? (Select TWO)

A. Intimidation
B. Consensus
C. Familiarity
D. Scarcity
E. Authority

Question # 11

Exercising various programming responses for the purpose of gaming insight into a system's security posture without exploiting the system is BEST described as.

A. passive security control testing.
B. control gap analysis
C. peer-conducted code review.
D. non-intrusive scanning

Question # 12

Which of the following is the BEST example of a reputation impact identified during a risk assessment?

A. A bad software patch taking down the production systems.
B. A misconfigured firewall exposing intellectual properly to the internet.
C. An attacker defacing the e-commerce portal.
D. Malware collecting credentials for company bank accounts.

Question # 13

A security administration a hardening a VPN connection. Recently, company pre-shared keys were hijacked during an MITM attack and reused to breach the VPN connection. Which of the following should the security administrator do to BEST address this issue?

A. Implement PIG
B. Implement IPSec
C. Implement TLS
D. Implement PFS

Question # 14

A security team has completed the installation of a new server. The OS and applications have been patched and tested, and the server is ready to be deployed. Which of the following actions should be taken before deploying the new server? 

A. Disable the default accounts.
B. Run a penetration test on the network.
C. Create a DMZ In which to place the server.
D. validate the integrity of the patches.

Question # 15

Which of the following controls does a mantrap BEST represent?

A. Deterrent
B. Detective
C. Physical
D. Corrective 

Question # 16

A technician is implementing 802 1X with dynamic VLAN assignment based on a user Active Directory group membership Which of the following configurations supports the VLAN definitions?

A. RADIUS attribute 
B. SAML tag
C. LDAP path 
D. Shibboleth IdP 

Question # 17

Proprietary information was sent by an employee to a distribution list that included external email addresses. Which of the following BEST describes the incident that occurred and the threat actor in this scenario?

A. Social engineering by a hacktivist
B. MITM attack by a script kiddle
C. Unintentional disclosure by an insider
D. Corporate espionage by a competitor

Question # 18

A security analyst has recently deployed an MDM solution that requires biometric authentication for company-issued smartphones As the solution was implemented the help desk has seen a dramatic increase in calls by employees frustrated that company-issued phones take several attempts to unlock using the fingerprint scanner Which of the following should be reviewed to mitigate this problem?

A. Crossover error rate
B. False acceptance rate
C. False rejection rate
D. True rejection rate 

Question # 19

A software development company needs to augment staff by hiring consultants for a highstakes project The project has the following requirements:• Consultants will have access to flighty confidential, proprietary data.• Consultants will not be provided with company-owned assets.• Work needs to start Immediately.• Consultants will be provided with Internal email addresses for communications.Which of the following solutions is the BEST method lor controlling data exfiltration during this project? 

A. Require that all consultant activity be restricted to a secure VDI environment. 
B. Require the consultants to sign an agreement stating they will only use the companyprovided email address for communications during the project. 
C. Require updated antivirus. USB blocking, and a host-based firewall on all consultant devices. 
D. Require the consultants to conned to the company VPN when accessing confidential resources. 

Question # 20

A company is implementing a remote access portal so employees can work remotely from home. The company wants to implement a solution that would securely integrate with a third party. Which of the following is the BEST solution?

C. Secure token

Question # 21

An organization prefers to apply account permissions to groups and not individual users, but allows for exceptions that are justified. Some systems require a machine-to-machine data exchange and an associated account to perform this data exchange. One particular system has data in a folder that must be modified by another system. No user requires access to this folder; only the other system needs access to this folder. Which of the following is the BEST account management practice?

A. Create a service account and apply the necessary permissions directly to the service account itself  
B. Create a service account group, place the service account in the group, and apply the permissions on the group 
C. Create a guest account and restrict the permissions to only the folder with the data. 
D. Create a generic account that will only be used for accessing the folder, but disable the account until it is needed for the data exchange 
E. Create a shared account that administrators can use to exchange the data but audit the shared account activity. 

Question # 22

A penetration tester is testing passively for vulnerabilities on a company's network. Which of the following tools should the penetration tester use? (Select TWO).

A. Zenmap
B. Wireshark
C. Nmap
D. tcpdump
E. Nikto
F. Snort

Question # 23

Buffer overflow can be avoided using proper.

A. memory leak prevention
B. memory reuse
C. input validation
D. implementation of ASLR

Question # 24

A company is looking for an all-in-one solution to provide identification authentication, authorization, and accounting services. Which of the following technologies should the company use?

A. Diameter
C. Kerberos

Question # 25

Which of the following should a company require prior to performing a penetration test?

B. CVE score
C. Data classification
D. List of threats

Question # 26

Which of the following impacts MOST likely results from poor exception handling?

A. Widespread loss of confidential data
B. Network-wide resource exhaustion
C. Privilege escalation
D. Local disruption of services

Question # 27

A technician is installing a new SIEM and is configuring the system to count the number of times an event occurs at a specific logical location before the system takes action. Which of the following BEST describes the feature being configured by the technician? 

A. Correlation
B. Aggregation
C. Event deduplication
D. Flood guard 

Question # 28

An organization uses an antivirus scanner from Company A on its firewall, an email system antivirus scanner from Company B. and an endpoint antivirus scanner from Company C. This is an example of: 

A. unified threat management.
B. an OVAL system.
C. vendor diversity.
D. alternate processing sites.

Question # 29

The Chief information Officer (CIO) has decided to add two-factor authentication along with the use of passwords when logging on to the network. Which of the following should be implemented to BEST accomplish this requirement?

A Require users to enter a PIN
B Require users to set complex passwords
C. Require users to insert a smart card when logging on
D. Require the system to use a CAPTCHA

Question # 30

Which of the following security controls BEST mitigates social engineering attacks?

A. Separation of duties
B. Least privilege
C. User awareness training
D. Mandatory vacation

Question # 31

A technician wants to implement PKI-based authentication on an enterprise wireless network. Which of the following should configure to enforce the use for client-site certificates?

A. 802.1X with PEAP
D. RADIUS Federation

Question # 32

When choosing a hashing algorithm for storing passwords in a web server database, which of the following is the BEST explanation for choosing HMAC-MD5 over simple MD5?

A. HMAC provides hardware acceleration thus speeding up authentication
B. HMAC adds a transport layer handshake which improves authentication
C. HMAC-MD5 can be decrypted taster speeding up performance
D. HMAC-M05 is more resistant to brute forcing

Question # 33

An organization has created a review process to determine how to best handle data with different sensitivity levels. The process includes the following requirements:• Soft copy Pll must be encrypted.• Hard copy Pll must be placed In a locked container.• Soft copy PHI must be encrypted and audited monthly. • Hard copy PHI must be placed in a locked container and inventoried monthly.Locked containers must be approved and designated for document storage. Any violations must be reported to the Chief Security Officer {CSO}.While searching for coffee in the kitchen, an employee unlocks a cabinet and discovers a list of customer names and phone numbers. Which of the following actions should the employee take?

A. Put the document back in the cabinet, lock the cabinet, and report the incident to the CSO. 
B. Take custody of the document, secure it at a desk, and report the incident to the CSO.
C. Take custody of the document and immediately report the incident to the CSO.
D. Put the document back in the cabinet, inventory the contents, lock the cabinet, and report the incident to the CSO.

Question # 34

An administrator is setting up automated remote file transfers to another organization. The other organization has the following requirements for the connection protocol.• Encryption in transit is required• Mutual authentication must be used.• Certificate authentication must be used {no passwords).Which of the following should the administrator choose?


Question # 35

An auditor is requiring an organization to perform real-time validation of SSL certificates Which of the following should the organization implement?


Question # 36

A pass-the-hash attack is commonly used to:

A. modify DNS records to point to a different domains.
B. modify the IP address of the targeted computer.
C. execute java script to capture user credentials.
D. laterally move across the network. 

Question # 37

A security analyst is asked to check the configuration of the company's DNS service on the server. Which of the following command line tools should the analyst use to perform the Initial assessment?

A. nslookup/dlg
B. traced
C. ipconfig/ifconfig
D. tcpdump

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